Cifor_research

Why do payments for watershed services emerge? A cross-country analysis of adoption contexts

Bösch, M., Elsasser, P., Wunder, S. 2019 World Development, Vol. 119 Payments for watershed services (PWS) are an increasingly popular tool for watershed management, also in the Southern Hemisphere. However, the degree of PWS adoption varies across these countries and the causes for these adoption differences have so far been little discussed. This paper address this knowledge gap with a quantitative cross-national assessment of factors influencing the decision to adopt PWS schemes across tropical countries. This research, in collaboration with colleagues from the von Thuenen Institute in Hamburg, forms part of the SINCERE project’s Work Package 1 on creating a knowledge [...]

Impacts of forests and forestation on hydrological services in the Andes: A systematic review

Bonnesoeur, V., Locatelli, B., et al. 2019 Forest Ecology and Management, 433 Several Andean countries have planned to restore forest cover in degraded land to enhance the provision of multiple ecosystem services in response to international commitments such as the Bonn Challenge. Hydrological services, e.g. water supply, hydrological regulation and erosion mitigation, are particularly important to sustain the life of more than fifty million Andean people. While rapid and important forest cover changes have occurred during recent decades, critical information on the impact of forestation on hydrological services has not yet been synthesized in the context of Andean ecosystems. To help [...]

Impacts of forestation on water and soils in the Andes: What do we know?

Bonnesoeur, V., Locatelli, B. and Ochoa-Tocachi, B.F., 2018. CIFOR Info Brief 237 This brief summarises the findings of a systematic review on the impacts of forestation on water and soils in the Andes (detailed in Bonnesoeur et al., 2018). Exotic tree plantations and, to a lesser extent, native forests consume water and therefore often reduce the total water supply to downstream users in most Andean regions. Only in areas immersed in clouds, such as in the eastern slope of the Andes, might native forests increase downstream water availability compared to other land covers. Decreased total water supply could be acceptable to [...]

From principles to practice in paying for nature’s services

Wunder, S., Brouwer, R., Engel, S., Ezzine-de-Blas, D., Muradian, R., Pascual, U., Pinto, R. 2018. Nature Sustainability 1, 145-150 Payments for Environmental Services (PES) constitute an innovative economic intervention to counteract the global loss of biodiversity and ecosystem functions. In theory, some appealing features should enable PES to perform well in achieving conservation and welfare goals. In practice, outcomes depend on the interplay between context, design and implementation. Inspecting a new global dataset, we find that some PES design principles pre-identified in the social-science literature as desirable, such as spatial targeting and payment differentiation, are only partially being applied in practice. More [...]