Research

Adaptive solutions required to fit forests for cultural and recreational use

Cultural ecosystem services are gaining importance in European forests, but their promotion requires flexible and combined strategies.

SINCERE PES paper sparks discussion in Nature Sustainability

An article based on work in SINCERE has led to some interesting published discussion on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) in the journal Nature Sustainability. The original paper From principles to practice in paying for nature’s services, led to a critical response from Esteve Corbera (UAB) and his collaborators (Wells et al.)  who wrote to defend simplified PES designs and called for further consideration of social-ecological context and drivers of environmental interventions and behaviour. EFI Principal Scientist and SINCERE project consortium member, Sven Wunder, led a reply from the original researcher team addressing in turn PES technical design, equity concerns [...]

2020-06-10T16:16:46+00:00 June 10th, 2020|Tags: , |0 Comments

Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People

Katila, P., Pierce Colfer, C., De Jong, W., Galloway, G., Pacheco, P., & Winkel, G. (Eds.). 2019 Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People Forests provide vital ecosystem services crucial to human well-being and sustainable development, and have an important role to play in achieving the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. Little attention, however, has yet focused on how efforts to achieve the SDGs will impact forests and forest-related livelihoods, and how these impacts may, in turn, enhance or undermine the contributions of forests to climate and development. Understanding the potential impacts of [...]

Adding rewards to regulation: The impacts of watershed conservation on land cover and household wellbeing in Moyobamba, Peru

Montoya-Zumaeta, J., Rojas, E., & Wunder, S. 2019 PloS one, 14(11) The authors estimated the effects of Peru’s oldest watershed payments for environmental services (PES) initiative in Moyobamba (Andes–Amazon transition zone) and disentangle the complex intervention into its two main forest conservation treatments. First, a state-managed protected area (PA) was established, allowing sustainable use but drastically limiting de facto land use and land rights of households in the upper watershed through command-and-control interventions. Second, a subset of those environmentally regulated households also received incentives: PES-like voluntary contracts with conditional in-kind rewards, combined with access to participation in sustainable income-generating activities [...]

Why do payments for watershed services emerge? A cross-country analysis of adoption contexts

Bösch, M., Elsasser, P., Wunder, S. 2019 World Development, Vol. 119 Payments for watershed services (PWS) are an increasingly popular tool for watershed management, also in the Southern Hemisphere. However, the degree of PWS adoption varies across these countries and the causes for these adoption differences have so far been little discussed. This paper address this knowledge gap with a quantitative cross-national assessment of factors influencing the decision to adopt PWS schemes across tropical countries. This research, in collaboration with colleagues from the von Thuenen Institute in Hamburg, forms part of the SINCERE project’s Work Package 1 on creating a knowledge [...]

Funeral Forests: Bridges between two worlds

Bernasconi, A. 2019. Book of Abstracts of the 21th conference of EFUF, p.54 Spiritual forest spaces have a rising importance in society. One example of this trend is the funeral forest. In Switzerland only 10% of the deceased are still buried in a coffin, it is common to spread or bury the departed’s ashes (Donner 2018). Between 2009 and 2013 in Germany the number of tree burials doubled up to 45’000 per year (Bauer und Schraml 2018). Funeral forests are sacred places, grounded on two Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES) of outstanding importance: (a) spiritual and religious meaning and (b) a space of long duration, linking ancestors with [...]

Using Data Envelopment Analysis on Auction Data for Biodiversity Conservation

Lundhede, T., Strange, N., Termansen, M., Jacobsen, J.B., Vedel, S.E. and Thorsen, B.J. 2019, IFRO Reports, No. 284 Setting aside forest land is a cost effective way to preserve biodiversity in Danish forests in the long‐run (Højgård et al, 2016). In May 2016 the Danish Government launched a program to set aside forest land for biodiversity protection (Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark, Naturpakken, 2016). The selected mechanism was to abolish forestry operations on selected state and privately owned land. In 2018 almost 14,000 hectares of state‐owned forest land were selected under this program. The designated areas were identified with [...]

Health and Sport as a Forest Ecosystem Services in Protected Areas and Payment for Ecosystem Services

Jurević Varga, M., Popijač, M., Tišma, S. 2019. Book of Abstracts: 54th Croatian & 14th International Symposium on Agriculture The multifunctional role of the forest is reflected in the preservation of the environment and biodiversity, the mitigation of the consequences of climate change, the preservation of the quality and quantity of drinking water and soil, and it creates the preconditions for the development of green economy. Demand for forest Ecosystem Services (FES) is increasing, due to growing populations and socio-economic changes. The aim of the research is to valorise the health function of the FES and develop the Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) methodology. Public Institution Nature [...]

2019-09-16T16:27:04+00:00 February 28th, 2019|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

Impacts of forests and forestation on hydrological services in the Andes: A systematic review

Bonnesoeur, V., Locatelli, B., et al. 2019 Forest Ecology and Management, 433 Several Andean countries have planned to restore forest cover in degraded land to enhance the provision of multiple ecosystem services in response to international commitments such as the Bonn Challenge. Hydrological services, e.g. water supply, hydrological regulation and erosion mitigation, are particularly important to sustain the life of more than fifty million Andean people. While rapid and important forest cover changes have occurred during recent decades, critical information on the impact of forestation on hydrological services has not yet been synthesized in the context of Andean ecosystems. To help [...]

Participation and compensation claims in voluntary forest landscape conservation: The case of the Ruka-Kuusamo tourism area, Finland

Mäntymaa, E., Juutinen, A., Tyrväinen, L., Karhu, J. and Kurttila, M., 2018 Journal of Forest Economics, 33 The expansion of nature-based tourism on private land requires new mechanisms to coordinate tourism industry and commercial forestry interests. This attribute-based contingent valuation study elaborated the supply side of potential payments for ecosystem services (PES) mechanism named Landscape and Recreational Values Trading (LRVT), proposed to enhance the provision of amenity values in privately owned forests located in tourism and recreation areas. Using a mail survey data set, we analyzed forest owners’ willingness to participate in LRVT and the related compensation claims in the Ruka-Kuusamo area, [...]